EJB Injection in JSP with Java EE 7

User suexec asked ##java about accessing an EJB from a JSP template.
User dreamreal (i.e., your author) put together a simple application (rather imaginatively called “suexec-war” ) to explore the possibilities. The application was built from Adam Bien‘s minimalistic Java EE 7 Maven archetype, deployed into Wildfly 10.0.
It turns out that to the best of my understanding, injection of an EJB into a JSP is simply unsupported. The JSP can use JNDI to acquire an EJB via JNDI (see source) but the CDI injection never worked.

Next, I wrote a simple servlet (called, of all things, TestServlet.java). Here, the @EJB MyEJB ejb worked like a charm.

To render, I used the Handlebars template library just for kicks; Freemarker (or even JSP itself) would have worked just as well, but I wanted to play with something different.
The process would have been the same no matter what templating library was chosen: you’d take the values you wanted to render and store them somewhere such that the rendering engine could access them. In my case, I could have built a composite object (or even asked Handlebars to call the greet() method itself, using the ejb value) but I was aiming for simplicity rather than optimal behavior, following whaley’s “Make it work, make it pretty, make it fast” principle (from “Suffering-oriented programming” )- this is rough code, meant to serve more as a smoke test than an actual example of a great application, so I left off at “make it work,” leaving even “make it pretty” to others.
Comments and improvements welcomed.

Interesting Links – 18 Nov 2016

Today’s apparently a Microsoft edition of the interesting links! Almost everything relates back to them this time…

  • From wyvern: “The Error Model” is an article discussing… exceptions. Exception handling and the “checked or unchecked” question is (still) controversial in Java; article provides some interesting context on error handling approaches, and explains how error handling evolved in Midori (Microsoft’s experimental research OS). A fundamental decision when choosing to make your API throw a checked or unchecked exception is whether or not a particular error is considered fatal or not. This is frequently a murky question: if you’re writing a one-off script, IOException may be fatal, but for a long-lived daemon, it should be handled safely and not rethrown to the top level. While we obviously can’t use Midori’s exact approach in Java, the thought process exhibited is helpful when deciding how to structure your APIs to allow tidy error handling. The whole Midori blog series is worth reading, if you’re looking for more.
  • Microsoft has announced that it is a Linux Foundation platinum member. My, how things have changed…
  • Speaking even more of Microsoft, it looks like they’ve finally open-sourced their SQL Server JDBC driver, and it’s hosted in a Maven repository. Typically, people use jTDS instead, but this is potentially great news; it’s not clear offhand what the advantages are compared to jTDS, but the more options you have, the better, right? Plus, this is another example of Microsoft actually contributing to the larger ecosystem, something many are still not used to. Now, if they could only make SQL Server less of a pain to work with…
  • Finally, stepping off the Microsoft train, user asgs pointed out Simon Ritter‘s “20 Years Of Java Deprecation,” which details the list of accumulated deprecated classes and methods in the Java runtime library. It’s actually a really low number given Java’s maturity (maybe that’s a sign of maturity?) — and it also points out that hardly anything is actually removed, although that will change with Java 9, with a whopping six methods being removed.

Interesting Links – 15 Nov 2016

  • Big news: JRebel 7 has been released, with a new agent enabling you to change class hierarchy and interface implementations on the fly. For Spring it now also supports reconfiguring dependency injection in non-singleton scoped beans.
  • From Light Java, “JEE is dead.” Misses a lot of history – blames Java EE for WebLogic’s speed and deployment model (what about containers like Orion, which could deploy the same apps in a few seconds, and didn’t need ejbc? What about JBoss, which was free? This post ignores both, saying Java EE containers were slow and expensive), and misrepresents a question about Oracle as a statement of Oracle policy, also misunderstands some other core facets – and tries to market Light Java itself as a framework, making this a bit of a “your framework is dead! Use mine!” post, but it’s still interesting. Of course, it’s not the only microcontainer framework out there in Java…
  • From /r/java, Jadler looks like a good HTTP mocking library.
  • Also from r/java, Nudge4j is a small jar to create a web-enabled access point for a running JVM – you can effectively type code to run inside a running VM. I haven’t tried it, but what an idea.
  • jsoup 1.10.1 has been released. Lots of little changes; the biggest seems to be the ability to preserve case of tags (as an optional feature) but memory usage has also been optimized.
  • John McClean posted an interesting article: “Trampolining: a practical guide for awesome Java Developers“.

Interesting Links – 8 Nov 2017

  • From ernimril: a video! CppCon 2016: Jason Turner “Rich Code for Tiny Computers: A Simple Commodore 64 Game in C++17” is an hour and twenty minutes of Jason Turner talking about writing a game for the Commodore 64 using, surprise, C++17 and translating to 6502 assembly. (Play at 1.25x speed to save some time – or 2x speed if you want that Brian Goetz effect.) It’s actually really fascinating to watch, and has nothing to do with Java whatsoever.
  • For Mac users, particularly on Sierra: “MacOS Sierra problems with java.net.InetAddress: getLocalHost()” documents some lookup problems on the recent MacOS update. Short form: make sure your /etc/hosts actually has your local domain name resolving to
  • FindBugs is apparently having some problems.
  • Non-java, but useful for programmers anyway: Bulletproof Mind: 6 Techniques for Mental Resilience from the Navy SEALs. Some adult language, but it’s an excellent article and we’re all adults anyway.
  • Docker in Production: A History of Failure” is a litany of issues with the popular virtualization technology. It’s worth reading, even if you’ve deployed Docker successfully – if only to keep track of how far there is to go.
  • From the Python world: EAFP and LBYL. In Python, apparently using the “Easier to Ask For Permission” approach yields massive performance gains; Java, like C and C++, tends to prefer LBYL, which stands for “Look Before You Leap.” Worth keeping in mind, especially as Java adds more functional programming concepts. It’d be interesting to see EAFP and LBYL contrasted well in Java – and note that EAFP tends to prefer try/catch to manual boundary checking, so maybe Java’s already there to a large degree.

Interesting Links – 4 Nov 2016

Oh, boy, a bunch of releases:

  • Guava 20, the ultra-useful third-party library for Java that virtually everyone can and should be willing to use, has been released
  • MongoDB 3.4, the NoSQL document database used by jabavot and many others, has been released
  • LWJGL 3.1.0, the lightweight java graphics library, has been released

Finally, DZone publishes something I wanted to read:

  • Everything You Want to Know About ThreadLocal Random Implementation,” a really interesting walk through a random number generator.
  • From cheeser: Whiley, “A Programming Language with Extended Static Checking.” It’s another language for the JVM with significant whitespace (blocks are determined by indentation); it also provides a way for methods and functions to guarantee at the compilation stage that return values comply with a specification. It looks neat. It’s been around since 2009, and there’s no way to tell if it has any sort of path to critical mass yet. Take a look!